Full List of Floyd County Native Plants

(Work in Progress). This is the Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora’s complete list of plants surveyed in Floyd County. We have added the common names and removed obscure taxonomic annotations. Links will take you either to our Plant listings or to the Flora’s page for that plant if we have not created a page for it. (Read more about the Atlas of the Virginia Flora).

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Full List of Floyd County Native Plants

Acalypha virginica – Virginia Three-Seeded Mercury, Virginia Copperleaf

Acer negundo var. negundo – Boxelder

Acer pensylvanicum – Striped Maple

Acer rubrum – Red Maple

Acer saccharum var. saccharum – Sugar Maple

Acer spicatum – Mountain Maple

Achillea millefolium – Common Yarrow

Aconitum uncinatum – Blue Monkshood

Actaea pachypoda – White Baneberry, Dolls’-eyes

Actaea podocarpa – Mountain Black Cohosh, Late Black Cohosh

Actaea racemosa – Common Black Cohosh, Bugbane

Adiantum pedatum – Northern Maidenhair Fern

Aesculus flava – Yellow Buckeye

Agalinis purpurea – Purple False Foxglove

Agalinis tenuifolia – Slender False Foxglove

Agastache nepetoides – Yellow Giant Hyssop

Ageratina altissima – White Snakeroot

Agrimonia gryposepala – Tall Hairy Agrimony

Agrimonia rostellata – Woodland Agrimony

Agrostis hyemalis – Winter Bentgrass, Ticklegrass

Agrostis perennans – Autumn Bentgrass

Agrostis scabra – Rough Bentgrass

Aletris farinosa – White Colicroot

Allium allegheniense – Allegheny Onion

Allium canadense var. canadense – Wild Onion, Meadow Onion

Allium cernuum – Nodding Onion

Allium tricoccum – Ramps, Wild Leek, Rampscallions

Alnus serrulata – Smooth Alder, Hazel Alder

Amaranthus hybridus – Slender Pigweed, Smooth Pigweed, Green Amaranth

Ambrosia artemisiifolia – Common Ragweed

Ambrosia trifida – Giant Ragweed

Amelanchier arborea – Downy Serviceberry

Amelanchier laevis – Smooth Serviceberry

Amianthium muscitoxicum – Fly-poison

Amphicarpaea bracteata – Hog-peanut

Andropogon gerardii – Big Bluestem, Turkeyfoot

Andropogon glomeratus – Bushy Bluestem

Andropogon virginicus var. virginicus – Broomsedge, Broomstraw, Sedge Grass, Sage Grass

Anemone lancifolia – Lanceleaf Anemone, Mountain Anemone

Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia – Wood Anemone

Anemone virginiana var. virginiana – Thimbleweed, Tall Anemone

Angelica venenosa – Hairy Angelica

Antennaria neglecta – Field Pussytoes

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax – Big-head Pussytoes

Antennaria plantaginifolia – Plantain-leaved Pussytoes

Antennaria solitaria – Single-head Pussytoes

Apocynum androsaemifolium – Spreading Dogbane

Aquilegia canadensis – Wild Columbine, Eastern Red Columbine

Arabidopsis lyrata ssp. lyrata – Lyre-leaf Rock Cress

Aralia nudicaulis – Wild Sarsaparilla

Aralia racemosa – Spikenard, American Spikenard

Arisaema triphyllum ssp. stewardsonii – Bog Jack-in-the-pulpit

Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum – Common Jack-in-the-pulpit

Aristida dichotoma var. dichotoma – Fork-tip Three-awn Grass

Aristida purpurascens – Purple Three-awn Grass, Arrow-feather, Three-awn Grass

Arnoglossum atriplicifolium – Pale Indian Plantain

Aronia arbutifolia – Red Chokeberry

Aronia melanocarpa – Black Chokeberry

Aronia prunifolia – Purple Chokeberry

Arthraxon hispidus var. hispidus – Joint-head Grass

Aruncus dioicus – Goat’s Beard

Asarum canadense – Common Wild Ginger

Asclepias exaltata – Tall Milkweed, Poke Milkweed

Asclepias incarnata – Swamp Milkweed

Asclepias incarnata var. incarnata – Swamp Milkweed

Asclepias incarnata var. pulchra – Swamp Milkweed

Asclepias purpurascens – Purple Milkweed

Asclepias quadrifolia – Four-leaf Milkweed

Asclepias syriaca – Common Milkweed

Asclepias tuberosa var. tuberosa – Butterfly Weed

Asclepias verticillata – Whorled Milkweed

Asplenium montanum – Mountain Spleenwort

Asplenium platyneuron – Ebony Spleenwort

Asplenium resiliens – Blackstem Spleenwort

Asplenium rhizophyllum – Walking Fern

Astilbe biternata – Appalachian False Goat’s-beard

Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis – Canada Milkvetch

Athyrium asplenioides – Southern Lady Fern

Aureolaria flava – Smooth Yellow False Foxglove, Smooth Oak-leach

Aureolaria laevigata – Entire-leaf Yellow False Foxglove, Appalachian Oak-leach

Aureolaria virginica – Downy Yellow False Foxglove, Downy Oak-leach

Bartonia virginica – Yellow Bartonia, Yellow Screwstem

Betula alleghaniensis – Yellow Birch

Betula lenta var. lenta – Sweet Birch, Black Birch

Bidens bipinnata – Spanish Needles

Bidens cernua – Nodding Beggar-ticks

Bidens comosa + Bidens connata – Three-lobe Beggar-ticks

Bidens frondosa – Devil’s Beggar-ticks

Blephilia hirsuta – Hairy Wood Mint

Boechera canadensis – Sicklepod, Canada Rock Cress

Boechera laevigata – Smooth Rock Cress

Botrypus virginianus – Rattlesnake Fern

Boykinia aconitifolia – Brook Saxifrage, Allegheny Brookfoam, Eastern Boykinia

Brachyelytrum aristosum – Northern Shorthusk

Brachyelytrum erectum – Bearded Shorthusk, Common Shorthusk

Bromus nottowayanus – Nottoway Valley Brome Grass, Satin Brome

Bromus pubescens – Common Eastern Brome Grass, Hairy Woodland Brome

Bulbostylis capillaris – Common Hairsedge

Calamagrostis canadensis var. canadensis – Bluejoint, Canada Reedgrass

Calamagrostis porteri var. porteri – Porter’s Reedgrass

Callitriche heterophylla var. heterophylla – Large Water-Starwort

Calopogon tuberosus var. tuberosus – Tuberous Grass-pink, Common Grass-pink

Caltha palustris – Marsh Marigold, Cowslip

Calystegia sepium – Hedge Bindweed

Campanula aparinoides var. aparinoides – Marsh Bellflower

Campanula divaricata – Southern Harebell, Appalachian Bellflower

Campanulastrum americanum – Tall Bellflower

Campsis radicans – Trumpet Creeper

Cardamine angustata – Slender Toothwort

Cardamine bulbosa – Spring Cress, Bulbous Bittercress

Cardamine concatenata – Cut-Leaf Toothwort

Cardamine parviflora var. arenicola – Small Flowered Bittercress, Sand Bittercress

Cardamine pensylvanica – Pennsylvania Bittercress

Cardamine rotundifolia – American Bittercress, Mountain Watercress

Carex aestivalis – Summer Sedge

Carex albursina – White Bear Sedge

Carex amphibola complex

Carex amphibola – Eastern Narrow-leaved Sedge

Carex annectens – Yellow-fuited Sedge

Carex appalachica – Appalachian Sedge

Carex argyrantha – Silvery-flowered Sedge, Hay Sedge

Carex atlantica – Prickly Bog Sedge, Atlantic Sedge

Carex austrolucorum – Appalachian Woodland Sedge

Carex bromoides var. bromoides – Common Brome Sedge

Carex bromoides var. montana – Blue Ridge Brome Sedge

Carex bushii – Bush’s Sedge

Carex buxbaumii – Brown Bog Sedge, Buxbaum’s Sedge

Carex cephalophora – Oval-leaved Sedge

Carex communis – Fibrous-rooted Sedge

Carex conoidea – Field Sedge

Carex crinita – Long-fringed Sedge

Carex debilis var. debilis – White-edged Sedge

Carex echinata var. echinata – Star Sedge, Little Prickly Sedge

Carex folliculata – Northern Long Sedge

Carex gracilescens – Slender Loose-Flowered Sedge

Carex gracillima – Graceful Sedge

Carex granularis – Limestone Meadow Sedge

Carex gynandra – Nodding Sedge

Carex hirsutella – Fuzzy Sedge, Hairy-Leaved Sedge

Carex intumescens var. intumescens – Bladder Sedge

Carex laevivaginata – Smooth-Sheathed Sedge

Carex laxiculmis – Spreading Sedge

Carex laxiflora – Broad Loose-Flowered Sedge

Carex leptalea var. leptalea – Bristly-Stalk Sedge

Carex lurida – Sallow Sedge

Carex normalis – Greater Straw Sedge

Carex pellita – Woolly Sedge

Carex pensylvanica – Pennsylvania Sedge

Carex plantaginea – Plantain-Leaved Sedge

Carex prasina – Drooping Sedge

Carex radiata – Eastern Star Sedge

Carex retroflexa – Reflexed Sedge

Carex roanensis – Roan Mountain Sedge

Carex rosea – Rosy Sedge

Carex scabrata – Eastern Rough Sedge

Carex scoparia – Broom Sedge

Carex stipata var. stipata – Stalk-grain Sedge, Awl-fruit Sedge

Carex striatula – Lined Sedge

Carex stricta – Tussock Sedge, Upright Sedge, Stool Sedge

Carex styloflexa – Bent Sedge

Carex swanii – Swan’s Sedge

Carex tetanica – Rigid Sedge

Carex torta – Twisted Sedge

Carex trichocarpa – Hairy-fruited Sedge

Carex virescens – Ribbed Sedge

Carex vulpinoidea – Fox Sedge

Carex woodii – Wood’s Sedge

Carpinus caroliniana – American Hornbeam, Ironwood

Carya cordiformis – Bitternut Hickory

Carya ovalis – Red Hickory, Sweet Pignut Hickory

Carya ovata – Shagbark hickory

Castanea dentata – American Chestnut

Castanea pumila – Allegheny Chinkapin, Allegheny Chinquapin

Castilleja coccinea – Eastern Indian Paintbrush

Caulophyllum giganteum – Northern Blue Cohosh

Caulophyllum thalictroides – Blue Cohosh, Common Blue Cohosh

Ceanothus americanus – New Jersey Tea, Redroot

Celastrus scandens – Climbing Bittersweet, American Bittersweet. Not to be confused with the invasive non-native Asian Bittersweet Celastrus orbiculatus.

Chamaecrista nictitans var. nictitans – Wild Sensitive Plant, Sensitive Partridge-pea

Chamaelirium luteum – Devil’s-bit

Chelone glabra – White Turtlehead

Chenopodium simplex – Maple-leaf Goosefoot, Giant-seed Goosefoot

Chimaphila maculata – Spotted Wintergreen, Striped Wintergreen

Chrysopsis mariana – Maryland Golden-aster

Chrysosplenium americanum – Golden Saxifrage, Water-mat, Water-carpet

Cicuta maculata var. maculata – Water-hemlock, Spotted Water-hemlock

Cinna arundinacea – Common Wood Reedgrass, Sweet Wood Reed-grass

Circaea alpina ssp. alpina – Small Enchanter’s Nightshade

Circaea canadensis ssp. canadensis – Enchanter’s Night-shade

Cirsium discolor – Field Thistle

Cirsium muticum – Swamp Thistle

Claytonia caroliniana – Carolina Spring Beauty, Broad-leaved Spring Beauty

Claytonia virginica – Spring Beauty, Virginia Spring Beauty, Eastern Spring Beauty

Claytosmunda claytoniana – Interrupted Fern

Clematis viorna – Northern Leatherflower, Vase-vine

Clematis virginiana – Virgin’s-bower

Clethra acuminata – Mountain Pepperbush, Mountain White-alder

Clinopodium vulgare – Wild Basil

Clintonia umbellulata – Speckled Wood Lily, White Clintonia

Collinsonia canadensis – Richweed, Canada Horsebalm

Conopholis americana – Squawroot, Bearcorn

Convallaria pseudomajalis – American Lily-of-the-valley

Conyza canadensis var. canadensis – Horseweed, Common Horseweed

Coreopsis major var. major – Woodland Coreopsis

Coreopsis pubescens – Hairy Coreopsis

Cornus alternifolia – Alternate-leaf Dogwood, Pagoda Cornel, Pagoda Dogwood

Cornus amomum – Silky Dogwood

Cornus florida – Flowering Dogwood

Cornus racemosa – Gray Dogwood

Corydalis flavula – Yellow Corydalis, Yellow Fumewort, Yellow Harlequin

Corylus cornuta var. cornuta – Beaked Hazelnut

Crataegus coccinea – Scarlet Hawthorn

Crataegus crus-galli var. crus-galli – Cockspur Hawthorn

Crataegus intricata var. biltmoreana – Biltmore Hawthorn

Crataegus macracantha – Large-thorned Hawthorn

Crataegus macrosperma – Big-fruited Hawthorn, Eastern Hawthorn

Crataegus mollis – Downy Hawthorn

Crataegus phaenopyrum – Washington Hawthorn

Crataegus pruinosa var. gattingeri – Gattinger’s Hawthorn

Crataegus pruinosa var. pruinosa – Frosted Hawthorn

Crataegus schuettei – Schuette’s Hawthorn

Crocanthemum bicknellii – Plains Frostweed, Hoary Frostweed

Cryptotaenia canadensis – Honewort

Cuphea viscosissima – Blue Waxweed, Clammy Cuphea

Cuscuta campestris – Field Dodder

Cuscuta pentagona – Five-angled Dodder

Cynoglossum virginianum var. virginianum – Wild Comfrey

Cyperus flavescens – Yellow Flatsedge

Cyperus strigosus – Straw-colored Flatsedge

Cypripedium acaule – Pink Lady’s-slipper, Moccasin-flower

Cypripedium parviflorum var. pubescens – Large Yellow Lady’s-slipper

Cystopteris protrusa – Lowland Bladder Fern, Lowland Brittle Fern

Dactylorhiza viridis – Long-bracteate Green Orchid, Long-bracteate Frog Orchid

Danthonia compressa – Mountain Oatgrass

Danthonia spicata – Poverty Oatgrass

Delphinium exaltatum – Tall Larkspur

Dendrolycopodium obscurum – Common Ground-pine, Common Tree-clubmoss, Flat-branched Tree-clubmoss

Dennstaedtia punctilobula – Hay-scented Fern

Deparia acrostichoides – Silvery Spleenwort

Desmodium glabellum – Dillenius’ Tick-trefoil

Desmodium laevigatum – Smooth Tick-trefoil

Desmodium perplexum – Perplexing Tick-trefoil

Dicentra cucullaria – Dutchman’s Breeches

Dicentra eximia – Wild Bleeding Heart

Dichanthelium acuminatum var. fasciculatum – Slender-stemmed Panic Grass

Dichanthelium acuminatum var. lindheimeri – Lindheimer’s Panic Grass

Dichanthelium acuminatum complex

Dichanthelium boscii – Bosc’s Panic Grass

Dichanthelium clandestinum – Deer-Tongue Grass

Dichanthelium commutatum – Variable Panic Grass, Ashe’s Panic Grass

Dichanthelium commutatum var. ashei – Ashe’s Panic Grass

Dichanthelium commutatum var. commutatum – Variable Panic Grass

Dichanthelium depauperatum – Starved Panic Grass

Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum – Small-fruited Panic Grass

Dichanthelium dichotomum complex

Dichanthelium latifolium – Broad-leaf Panic Grass

Dichanthelium leucothrix – Rough Panic Grass

Dichanthelium linearifolium – Slim-leaf Panic Grass, Linear-leaf Panic Grass

Dichanthelium lucidum – Bog Panic Grass

Dichanthelium meridionale – Matting Panic Grass

Dichanthelium microcarpon – Branched Panic Grass

Dichanthelium sphaerocarpon – Round-fruited Panic Grass

Diervilla lonicera – Northern Bush-honeysuckle

Diodia teres – Common Buttonweed, Rough Buttonweed

Dioscorea villosa – Wild Yam

Diospyros virginiana – Common Persimmon, American Persimmon

Diphasiastrum digitatum – Common Running-cedar, Common Running-pine

Dipsacus laciniatus – Cut-leaf Teasel

Doellingeria infirma – Cornel-leaved Aster

Doellingeria umbellata – Tall Flat-topped White Aster

Drosera rotundifolia – Roundleaf Sundew

Dryopteris carthusiana – Spinulose Wood Fern, Toothed Wood Fern

Dryopteris cristata – Crested Wood Fern, Crested Fern

Dryopteris goldieana – Goldie’s Wood Fern

Dryopteris intermedia – Evergreen Wood Fern, Fancy Fern

Dryopteris marginalis – Marginal Wood Fern

Dryopteris ×uliginosa – Bog Woodfern

Dulichium arundinaceum var. arundinaceum – Three-way Sedge

Eleocharis erythropoda – Bald Spikerush

Eleocharis obtusa – Blunt Spikerush

Eleocharis palustris – Common Spikerush

Eleocharis tenuis var. tenuis – Slender Spikerush

Elymus hystrix var. hystrix – Bottlebrush Grass

Elymus riparius – Riverbank Wild Rye

Elymus villosus – Hairy Wild Rye, Downy Wild Rye

Epigaea repens – Trailing Arbutus

Epilobium coloratum – Purple-leaved Willow-herb

Epilobium leptophyllum – Bog Willow-herb, Linear-leaved Willow-herb, Narrow-leaved Willow-herb

Equisetum arvense – Field Horsetail

Equisetum praealtum – Tall Scouring-Rush

Erechtites hieraciifolius – Fireweed, Pilewort, American Burnweed

Erigeron annuus – Annual Fleabane

Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus – Philadelphia Fleabane

Erigeron pulchellus var. pulchellus – Robin’s Plantain

Erigeron strigosus var. strigosus – Daisy Fleabane

Eriophorum virginicum – Tawny Cottongrass

Eubotrys recurvus – Mountain Fetterbush

Eupatorium godfreyanum – Godfrey’s Thoroughwort

Eupatorium hyssopifolium – Hyssop-leaf Thoroughwort

Eupatorium perfoliatum – Boneset, Common Boneset

Eupatorium sessilifolium – Upland Boneset

Euphorbia commutata – Wood Spurge, Tinted Woodland Spurge

Euphorbia corollata – Flowering Spurge

Eurybia divaricata – White Wood Aster

Eurybia macrophylla – Big-leaf Aster, Large-leaved Aster

Eurybia schreberi – Schreber’s Aster

Eutrochium fistulosum – Hollow Joe-pye-weed

Eutrochium purpureum var. purpureum – Sweet-scented Joe-pye-weed, Sweet Joe-pye-weed, Purple Joe-pye-weed

Fagus grandifolia – American Beech

Fallopia cristata – Crested False Buckwheat

Fallopia scandens – Climbing False Buckwheat

Festuca rubra Red Fescue

Festuca subverticillata – Nodding Fescue

Fragaria virginiana – Wild Strawberry

Fraxinus americana var. americana – White Ash

Fraxinus nigra – Black Ash

Galax urceolata – Galax

Galearis spectabilis – Showy Orchis, Showy Orchid

Galium asprellum – Rough Bedstraw

Galium lanceolatum – Lanceleaf Wild Licorice

Galium latifolium – Purple Bedstraw

Galium pilosum – Hairy Bedstraw

Galium triflorum – Sweet-scented Bedstraw

Gaultheria procumbens – Wintergreen, Teaberry

Gaylussacia baccata – Black Huckleberry

Gentiana austromontana – Appalachian Gentian

Gentiana clausa – Bottle Gentian, Closed Gentian

Gentiana decora – Showy Gentian

Gentiana saponaria – Soapwort Gentian

Gentianella quinquefolia var. quinquefolia – Eastern Stiff Gentian

Geranium carolinianum – Carolina Geranium, Carolina Cranesbill

Geranium maculatum – Wild Geranium

Geum canadense – White Avens

Gillenia trifoliata – Bowman’s-root, Mountain Indian-physic

Glyceria canadensis – Canada Mannagrass, Rattlesnake Mannagrass

Glyceria grandis var. grandis – American Mannagrass

Glyceria melicaria – Slender Mannagrass, Melic Mannagrass

Glyceria striata var. striata – Fowl Mannagrass

Goodyera pubescens – Downy Rattlesnake-plantain

Gratiola neglecta – Clammy Hedge-hyssop

Greeneochloa coarctata – Nuttall’s Reedgrass

Hamamelis virginiana – Witch Hazel

Hedeoma pulegioides – American Pennyroyal

Helenium autumnale – Common Sneezeweed, Autumn Sneezeweed

Helianthus decapetalus – Thin-leaved Sunflower

Helianthus divaricatus – Woodland Sunflower

Helianthus giganteus – Tall Sunflower

Helianthus strumosus – Pale-leaved Sunflower

Heliopsis helianthoides var. helianthoides – Oxeye Sunflower

Hepatica acutiloba – Sharp-lobed Hepatica, Sharp-lobed Liverleaf

Hepatica americana – Round-lobed Hepatica, Round-lobed Liverleaf

Heracleum maximum – Cow-parsnip, Common Cow-parsnip

Heuchera americana var. americana – Alumroot, Americana Alumroot

Heuchera pubescens – Marbled Alumroot

Heuchera villosa var. villosa – Hairy Alumroot

Hexastylis heterophylla – Variable-leaf Heartleaf

Hexastylis virginica – Virginia Heartleaf

Hieracium paniculatum – Panicled Hawkweed, Alleghany Hawkweed

Hieracium scabrum – Rough Hawkweed

Homalosorus pycnocarpos – Glade Fern

Houstonia caerulea – Common Bluets, Azur Bluets, Quaker Ladies

Houstonia longifolia – Longleaf Bluets

Houstonia purpurea var. purpurea – Summer Bluets

Huperzia appressa – Appalachian Fir Clubmoss, Appalachian Clubmoss, Appalachian Firmoss

Huperzia lucidula – Shining Clubmoss, Shining Firmoss

Hydatica petiolaris – Michaux’s Saxifrage, Cliff Saxifrage

Hydrangea arborescens – Wild Hydrangea, Smooth Hydrangea

Hydrocotyle americana – American Water-pennywort, American Marsh-pennywort

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. atranthum – Appalachian Waterleaf

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum – Virginia Waterleaf, Eastern Waterleaf

Hylodesmum glutinosum – Pointed-leaf Tick-trefoil

Hylodesmum nudiflorum – Naked-Flowered Tick-trefoil

Hypericum canadense – Canada St. John’s-wort

Hypericum densiflorum var. densiflorum – Bushy St. John’s-wort

Hypericum gentianoides – Pineweed, Orange-grass

Hypericum hypericoides – St. Andrew’s-cross

Hypericum mutilum – Dwarf St. John’s-wort

Hypericum punctatum – Spotted St. John’s-wort

Hypoxis hirsuta – Eastern Yellow Stargrass

Ilex montana – Mountain Holly

Ilex verticillata – Winterberry

Impatiens capensis – Orange Jewelweed, Spotted Jewelweed

Impatiens pallida – Yellow Jewelweed, Pale Jewelweed

Ionactis linariifolia – Stiff-leaved Aster

Iris cristata – Dwarf Crested Iris

Iris versicolor – Larger Blue Flag, Northern Blue Flag

Isoetes valida – Mountain Quillwort

Isotrema macrophyllum – Dutchman’s-pipe, Pipevine

Isotria medeoloides – Small Whorled Pogonia

Isotria verticillata – Large Whorled Pogonia

Juncus acuminatus – Sharp-fruited Rush

Juncus coriaceus – Leathery Rush

Juncus dichotomus – Forked Rush

Juncus effusus var. solutus – Common Rush, Soft Rush

Juncus marginatus – Grass-leaved Rush

Juncus secundus – Secund Rush, Lopsided Rush

Juncus subcaudatus – Short-tailed Rush

Juncus tenuis – Path Rush, Slender Rush, Poverty Rush

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana – Eastern Redcedar

Kalmia latifolia – Mountain Laurel

Krigia virginica – Dwarf-dandelion, Virginia Dwarf-dandelion

Kummerowia stipulacea – Korean-clover

Lactuca biennis – Tall Blue Lettuce

Lactuca canadensis – Wild Lettuce

Lactuca serriola – Prickly Lettuce

Lamium purpureum – Red Dead-nettle, Purple Dead-nettle

Laportea canadensis – Wood Nettle

Lathyrus latifolius – Everlasting Pea, Perennial Sweet Pea

Lechea racemulosa – Common Pinweed, Illinois Pinweed

Leersia oryzoides – Rice Cutgrass

Leersia virginica – White Grass, White Cutgrass, Virginia Cutgrass

Lepidium virginicum – Virginia Pepperweed, Virginia Peppergrass, Common Peppergrass, Poor Man’s Pepper

Lespedeza capitata – Round-headed Lespedeza, Round-headed Bush-clover

Lespedeza virginica – Slender Lespedeza, Slender Bush-clover

Liatris pilosa – Grass-leaf Blazing Star, Grass-leaf Gayfeather

Liatris spicata var. spicata – Dense Blazing Star

Liatris virgata – Wand Blazing Star

Ligustrum obtusifolium var. obtusifolium – Border Privet

Lilium canadense – Canada Lily

Lilium grayi – Gray’s Lily

Lilium michauxii – Carolina Lily

Lilium superbum – Turk’s-cap Lily

Lindera benzoin – Spicebush

Linum medium var. texanum – Stiff Yellow Flax, Common Yellow Flax

Linum striatum – Ridged Yellow Flax

Linum virginianum – Virginia Yellow Flax, Woodland Flax

Liparis liliifolia – Lily-leaved Twayblade, Large Twayblade

Liriodendron tulipifera – Tulip-Poplar, Yellow Poplar, Tuliptree

Lobelia cardinalis – Cardinal Flower

Lobelia inflata – Indian Tobacco

Lobelia siphilitica var. siphilitica – Great Blue Lobelia

Lobelia spicata – Pale-spike Lobelia

Lobelia spicata var. scaposa – Pale-spike Lobelia

Lolium arundinaceum – Tall Fescue, Alta Fescue

Lonicera canadensis Bartr. ex Marsh.

Lonicera dioica L.

Lonicera japonica Thunb.

Lonicera sempervirens L.

Ludwigia alternifolia L.

Luzula acuminata Raf.

Luzula acuminata Raf. var. acuminata

Luzula echinata (Small) F.J. Hermann

Lycopodium clavatum L.

Lycopus uniflorus Michx.

Lycopus virginicus L.

Lyonia ligustrina (L.) DC. var. ligustrina

Lysimachia ciliata L.

Lysimachia lanceolata Walt.

Lysimachia quadrifolia L.

Lysimachia terrestris (L.) B.S.P.

Magnolia acuminata (L.) L.

Magnolia fraseri Walt.

Maianthemum canadense Desf.

Maianthemum racemosum (L.) Link ssp. racemosum

Malaxis unifolia Michaux

Malus angustifolia (Aiton) Michx.

Malus coronaria (L.) P. Mill.

Malus pumila P. Mill.

Malva moschata L.

Malva neglecta Wallroth

Medeola virginiana L.

Medicago lupulina L.

Melampyrum lineare Desr.

Melanthium hybridum Walter

Melanthium parviflorum (Michaux) S. Watson

Melanthium virginicum L.

Melilotus albus Medikus

Melilotus officinalis (L.) Lam.

Melissa officinalis L.

Menispermum canadense L.

Mentha spicata L.

Menziesia pilosa (Michx. ex Lam.) Juss. ex Pers.

Mertensia virginica (L.) Pers. ex Link

Micranthes micranthidifolia (Haw.) Small

Micranthes pensylvanica (L.) Haw.

Micranthes virginiensis (Michaux) Small

Microthlaspi perfoliatum(Linnaeus) F. K. Meyer

Mimulus ringens L. var. ringens

Minuartia groenlandica (Retz.) Ostenf.

Mitchella repens L.

Mitella diphylla L.

Monarda clinopodia L.

Monarda fistulosa L.

Monotropa uniflora L.

Muhlenbergia capillaris (Lam.) Trin.

Muhlenbergia frondosa (Poir.) Fern.

Muhlenbergia mexicana (L.) Trin.

Muhlenbergia sylvatica (Torr.) Torr. ex Gray

Muhlenbergia tenuiflora (Willd.) B.S.P.

Myosotis scorpioides L.

Myosoton aquaticum (L.) Moench

Myriopteris lanosa (Michaux) Grusz & Windham

Najas guadalupensis (Spreng.) Magnus var. guadalupensis

Nasturtium officinale R. Brown

Neottia smallii (Wieg.) Szlachetko

Nepeta cataria L.

Nyssa sylvatica Marshall

Obolaria virginica L.

Oclemena acuminata (Michx.) Greene

Oenothera biennis – Common Evening Primrose

Oenothera fruticosa L. ssp. fruticosa

Oenothera fruticosa L. ssp. glauca (Michx.) Straley

Oenothera gaura W.L. Wagner & Hoch

Oenothera perennis L.

Onoclea sensibilis L.

Ophioglossum pycnostichum (Fernald) A. & D. Love

Orobanche uniflora L.

Orontium aquaticum L.

Osmorhiza claytonii (Michx.) C.B. Clarke

Osmorhiza longistylis (Torr.) DC.

Osmunda spectabilis Willd.

Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (L.) C. Presl var. cinnamomeum

Ostrya virginiana (P.Mill.) K.Koch

Oxalis dillenii Jacquin

Oxalis florida Salisbury

Oxalis grandis Small

Oxalis stricta L.

Oxydendrum arboreum (L.) DC.

Oxypolis rigidior (L.) Raf.

Packera anonyma (Wood) W.A. Weber & A. Love

Packera aurea (L.) A. & D. Love

Packera obovata (Muhl. ex Willd.) W.A. Weber & A. Love

Packera paupercula (Michx.) A. & D. Love

Panax quinquefolius L.

Panicum capillare L. ssp. capillare

Panicum dichotomiflorum Michx. var. dichotomiflorum

Panicum philadelphicum Bernh. ex Trin.

Parathelypteris noveboracensis (L.) Ching

Parnassia asarifolia Vent.

Parnassia grandifolia DC.

Paronychia argyrocoma (Michx.) Nutt.

Paronychia canadensis (L.) Wood

Paronychia fastigiata (Raf.) Fern.

Paronychia montana (Small) Pax & K. Hoffmann

Parthenium integrifolium var. integrifolium – Wild Quinine

Parthenocissus quinquefolia – Virginia Creeper

Pedicularis canadensis L.

Penstemon canescens (Britt.) Britt.

Persicaria maculosa Gray

Persicaria pensylvanica (L.) M. Gomez

Persicaria punctata (Ell.) Small

Persicaria sagittata (L.) H. Gross ex Nakai

Persicaria virginiana (L.) Gaertn.

Phacelia dubia (L.) Trel. var. dubia

Phalaris arundinacea L.

Phegopteris hexagonoptera (Michx.) Fee

Phemeranthus teretifolius (Pursh) Raf.

Phleum pratense L.

Phlox buckleyi Wherry

Phlox carolina L.

Phlox maculata L.

Phlox ovata L.

Phyllostachys aurea Carr. ex A. & C. Riviere

Physalis virginiana P. Miller

Physocarpus opulifolius (L.) Maxim.

Physostegia virginiana (L.) Benth.

Phytolacca americana L. var. americana

Pilea pumila (L.) Gray

Pinus pungens Lambert

Pinus rigida Miller

Pinus strobus – Eastern White Pine

Pinus virginiana Miller

Plantago lanceolata L.

Plantago virginica L.

Platanthera ciliaris (L.) Lindl.

Platanthera clavellata (Michx.) Luer

Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl.

Platanthera flava (L.) Lindl. var. herbiola (R.Br. ex Ait.f.) Luer

Platanthera lacera (Michx.) G. Don

Platanthera orbiculata (Pursh) Lindl.

Platanthera peramoena (Gray) Gray

Platanthera psycodes (L.) Lindl.

Platanus occidentalis L.

Poa annua L.

Poa compressa L.

Poa cuspidata Nutt.

Poa paludigena Fern. & Wieg.

Poa pratensis L.

Poa trivialis L.

Podophyllum peltatum L.

Polygala ambigua Nutt.

Polygala cruciata L.

Polygala cruciata L. var. aquilonia Fern. & Schubert

Polygala curtissii Gray

Polygala paucifolia Willd.

Polygala sanguinea L.

Polygala senega L.

Polygala verticillata L.

Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell.

Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell. var. biflorum

Polygonatum biflorum (Walt.) Ell. var. commutatum (J.A. & J.H. Schultes) Morong

Polygonatum pubescens (Willd.) Pursh

Polygonum aviculare L.

Polygonum tenue Michx.

Polypodium appalachianum Haufler & Windham

Polypodium virginianum L.

Polystichum acrostichoides (Michx.) Schott

Populus alba L.

Populus deltoides Bartram ex Marshall ssp. deltoides

Populus grandidentata Michx.

Potamogeton epihydrus Raf.

Potentilla canadensis L.

Potentilla norvegica L.

Potentilla recta L.

Potentilla simplex Michx.

Prenanthes alba L.

Prenanthes altissima L.

Prenanthes roanensis (Chickering) Chickering

Prenanthes trifoliolata (Cass.) Fern.

Prosartes lanuginosa (Michx.) D. Don

Prunella vulgaris – Self-heal, Heal-all

Prunus cerasus L.

Prunus pensylvanica L.f.

Prunus persica (L.) Batsch

Prunus serotina ssp. serotina – Wild Black Cherry

Prunus virginiana L. var. virginiana

Pseudognaphalium obtusifolium (L.) Hilliard & Burtt

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn

Pteridium aquilinum (L.) Kuhn ssp. latiusculum (Desv.) Hulten

Pycnanthemum incanum (L.) Michx. var. incanum

Pycnanthemum incanum complex

Pycnanthemum loomisii Nutt.

Pycnanthemum muticum (Michx.) Pers.

Pycnanthemum pycnanthemoides (Leavenworth) Fern.

Pycnanthemum tenuifolium Schrad.

Pycnanthemum verticillatum (Michx.) Pers. var. verticillatum

Pyrola americana Sweet

Pyrularia pubera Michx.

Quercus alba Linnaeus

Quercus coccinea Muenchhausen

Quercus montana Willd.

Quercus rubra L. var. borealis (F. Michaux) Farwell

Quercus rubra Linnaeus var. rubra

Quercus stellata Wangenheim

Quercus velutina Lamarck

Ranunculus abortivus L.

Ranunculus allegheniensis Britt.

Ranunculus caricetorum Greene

Ranunculus fascicularis Muhl. ex Bigelow

Ranunculus hispidus Michx.

Ranunculus recurvatus Poir. var. recurvatus

Reynoutria japonica Houttuyn

Rhamnus alnifolia L’Her.

Rhexia virginica L.

Rhododendron calendulaceum (Michx.) Torr.

Rhododendron catawbiense Michx.

Rhododendron maximum L.

Rhododendron periclymenoides (Michx.) Shinners

Rhododendron prinophyllum (Small) Millais

Rhododendron viscosum (L.) Torr. var. viscosum

Rhus glabra L.

Rhus typhina L.

Rhynchospora alba (L.) Vahl

Rhynchospora capitellata (Michaux) Vahl

Rhynchospora recognita (Gale) Kral

Ribes rotundifolium Michx.

Robinia hispida L.

Robinia pseudoacacia L.

Rorippa palustris (L.) Besser ssp. fernaldiana (Butters & Abbe) Jonsell

Rosa carolina L. ssp. carolina

Rosa palustris Marsh.

Rubus allegheniensis Porter

Rubus canadensis L.

Rubus flagellaris Willd.

Rubus hispidus L.

Rubus occidentalis L.

Rubus odoratus L.

Rubus phoenicolasius Maxim.

Rudbeckia hirta L. var. hirta

Rudbeckia hirta L. var. pulcherrima Farwell

Rudbeckia laciniata – Cut-leaf Coneflower, Common Cut-leaf Coneflower, Green-headed Coneflower

Rumex acetosella L.

Rumex obtusifolius L.

Sabatia angularis (L.) Pursh

Sagittaria latifolia Willdenow

Salix occidentalis Walter

Salix sericea Marsh.

Salvia lyrata L.

Sambucus canadensis L. var. canadensis

Sanguinaria canadensis L.

Sanicula canadensis L. var. canadensis

Sanicula odorata (Raf.) K.M. Pryer & L.R. Phillippe

Saponaria officinalis L.

Sassafras albidum (Nutt.) Nees

Sceptridium dissectum (Sprengel) Lyon

Schizachyrium scoparium (Michx.) Nash var. scoparium

Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani (Gmelin) Palla

Scirpus cyperinus (L.) Kunth

Scirpus expansus Fernald

Scirpus polyphyllus Vahl

Scleria ciliata Michaux var. ciliata

Scleria oligantha Michaux

Scleria pauciflora Muhl. ex Willd.

Scleria pauciflora Muhl. ex Willd. var. pauciflora

Scleria triglomerata Michaux

Scrophularia lanceolata Pursh

Scrophularia marilandica L.

Scutellaria elliptica Muhl. ex Spreng.

Scutellaria integrifolia L.

Scutellaria saxatilis Riddell

Scutellaria serrata Andr.

Sedum glaucophyllum Clausen

Selaginella apoda (L.) Spring

Selaginella rupestris (L.) Spring

Sericocarpus asteroides (L.) B.S.P.

Sericocarpus linifolius (L.) B.S.P.

Setaria faberi Herrm.

Setaria pumila (Poir.) Roemer & Schultes ssp. pumila

Sibbaldia tridentata (Ait.) Paule & Soják

Silene dichotoma Ehrh. ssp. dichotoma

Silene stellata (L.) Ait. f.

Silene virginica L.

Silene vulgaris (Moench) Garcke

Silphium asteriscus L.

Silphium asteriscus L. var. trifoliatum (L.) Clevinger

Silphium perfoliatum L.

Silphium perfoliatum L. var. connatum (L.) Cronq

Sisymbrium officinale (Linnaeus) Scopoli

Sisyrinchium angustifolium P. Mill.

Sisyrinchium atlanticum Bickn.

Sisyrinchium mucronatum Michx.

Smilax herbacea L.

Smilax hispida Raf.

Smilax pulverulenta Michx.

Solanum carolinense L. var. carolinense

Solanum ptycanthum Dunal

Solidago altissima L. var. altissima

Solidago arguta Ait.

Solidago arguta Ait. var. caroliniana Gray

Solidago bicolor L.

Solidago canadensis L. var. hargeri Fern.

Solidago curtisii Torr. & Gray

Solidago erecta Pursh

Solidago flexicaulis L.

Solidago juncea Ait.

Solidago nemoralis Ait. var. nemoralis

Solidago patula Muhl. ex Willd.

Solidago randii (Porter) Britt.

Solidago rigida L. var. rigida

Solidago roanensis Porter

Solidago rugosa P. Mill.

Solidago rugosa P. Mill. var. aspera (Ait.) Fern.

Solidago rugosa P. Mill. var. rugosa

Solidago speciosa Nutt. var. speciosa

Solidago ulmifolia Muhl. ex Willd. var. ulmifolia

Sonchus arvensis L. var. glabrescens Guenth., Grab. & Wimmer

Sonchus asper (L.) Hill

Sorbus americana Marsh.

Sorghastrum nutans (L.) Nash

Sphenopholis nitida (Biehler) Scribn.

Sphenopholis pensylvanica (L.) A.S. Hitchc.

Spiraea alba Du Roi var. alba

Spiraea japonica L. f.

Spiraea tomentosa L.

Spiranthes cernua (L.) L.C. Rich.

Spiranthes lacera (Raf.) Raf. var. gracilis (Bigelow) Luer

Spiranthes lacera (Raf.) Raf. var. lacera

Spiranthes ochroleuca (Rydb.) Rydb.

Spiranthes ovalis Lindl. var. erostellata Catling

Spiranthes vernalis Engelm. & Gray

Sporobolus vaginiflorus (Torr. ex Gray) Wood

Stachys appalachiana D.B. Poindexter & J.B. Nelson

Stachys eplingii J. Nelson

Stachys subcordata Rydb.

Stellaria graminea L.

Stellaria longifolia Muhl.

Stellaria media (L.) Vill.

Stellaria pubera Michx.

Styrax grandifolius Aiton

Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Moench

Symphyotrichum cordifolium (L.) Nesom

Symphyotrichum dumosum (L.) Nesom var. dumosum

Symphyotrichum dumosum (L.) Nesom var. strictior (Torr. & Gray) Nesom

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum

Symphyotrichum lateriflorum

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae – New England Aster

Symphyotrichum oblongifolium (Nutt.) Nesom

Symphyotrichum patens (Ait.) Nesom var. patens

Symphyotrichum phlogifolium (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nesom

Symphyotrichum pilosum (Willd.) Nesom

Symphyotrichum pilosum (Willd.) Nesom var. pilosum

Symphyotrichum pilosum (Willd.) Nesom var. pringlei (Gray) Nesom

Symphyotrichum prenanthoides (Muhl. ex Willd.) Nesom

Symphyotrichum puniceum (L.) A.& D. Love var. puniceum

Symphyotrichum undulatum (L.) Nesom

Symplocarpus foetidus (L.) Salisbury ex W.P. C. Barton

Taenidia integerrima (L.) Drude

Taraxacum officinale G.H. Weber ex Wiggers

Teucrium canadense L.

Thalictrum clavatum DC.

Thalictrum dioicum L.

Thalictrum pubescens Pursh

Thalictrum revolutum DC.

Thalictrum thalictroides (L.) Eames & Boivin

Thaspium barbinode (Michx.) Nutt.

Thaspium trifoliatum (L.) Gray

Thelypteris palustris Schott var. pubescens (Lawson) Fern.

Thlaspi alliaceum L.

Thlaspi arvense Linnaeus

Tiarella cordifolia L.

Tiarella cordifolia L. var. cordifolia

Tilia americana L.

Tilia americana L. var. heterophylla (Vent.) Loud.

Toxicodendron radicans (L.) Kuntze var. radicans

Toxicodendron vernix (L.) Kuntze

Tradescantia ohiensis Rafinesque

Tradescantia subaspera Ker-Gawler

Tragopogon dubius Scop.

Trautvetteria caroliniensis (Walt.) Vail

Trichophorum planifolium (Sprengel) Palla

Tridens flavus (L.) A.S. Hitchc.

Trientalis borealis Raf.

Trifolium campestre Schreb.

Trifolium pratense L.

Trillidium undulatum Floden & E.E. Schilling

Trillium erectum L.

Trillium grandiflorum (Michx.) Salisb.

Trillium sulcatum Patrick

Triodanis perfoliata (L.) Nieuwl. var. perfoliata

Triosteum perfoliatum L.

Tsuga canadensis (L.) Carriere

Tsuga caroliniana Engelm.

Tussilago farfara L.

Typha latifolia L.

Uvularia grandiflora Sm.

Uvularia perfoliata L.

Uvularia puberula Michx.

Uvularia sessilifolia L.

Vaccinium erythrocarpum Michx.

Vaccinium pallidum Ait.

Vaccinium stamineum L.

Valerianella radiata (L.) Dufr.

Veratrum viride Aiton

Verbascum thapsus L. ssp. thapsus

Verbena hastata – Blue Vervain, Common Vervain

Verbena urticifolia L.

Verbesina alternifolia (L.) Britt. ex Kearney

Verbesina occidentalis (L.) Walt.

Vernonia glauca (L.) Willd.

Vernonia noveboracensis (L.) Michx.

Veronica americana Schwein. ex Benth.

Veronica arvensis L.

Veronica officinalis L.

Veronica peregrina L. var. peregrina

Veronicastrum virginicum (L.) Farwell

Viburnum acerifolium L.

Viburnum cassinoides L.

Viburnum dentatum L.

Viburnum prunifolium L.

Vicia caroliniana Walt.

Vicia villosa Roth ssp. varia (Host) Corbiere

Vicia villosa Roth ssp. villosa

Viola affinis Le Conte

Viola bicolor Pursh

Viola blanda Willd.

Viola canadensis L. var. canadensis

Viola cucullata Ait.

Viola fimbriatula J.E. Smith

Viola labradorica Schrank

Viola macloskeyi Lloyd var. pallens (Banks ex DC) C.L. Hitchc.

Viola palmata L. complex

Viola palmata L. var. triloba (Schwein.) Gingins ex A. DC.

Viola pubescens Aiton

Viola pubescens Aiton var. pubescens

Viola pubescens Aiton var. scabriuscula Schwein. ex Torr. & Gray

Viola rostrata Pursh

Viola rotundifolia Michx.

Viola sagittata Aiton

Viola sororia Willd.

Viola striata Ait.

Viola subsinuata Greene

Viola tripartita Elliott

Vitis aestivalis Michx.

Vitis cinerea (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Millard

Vitis cinerea (Engelm.) Engelm. ex Millardet var. baileyana (Munson) Comeaux

Vitis labrusca L.

Vitis riparia Michx.

Vitis vulpina L.

Woodsia appalachiana T.M.C. Taylor

Woodsia ilvensis (L.) R. Br.

Woodsia obtusa (Spreng.) Torr. ssp. obtusa

Xyris torta J.M. Smith

Yucca filamentosa L.

Zizia aptera

Zizia aurea – Golden Alexanders

Zizia trifoliata

Source: Virginia Botanical Associates. (2023). Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora (http://www.vaplantatlas.org). c/o Virginia Botanical Associates, Blacksburg.

About the Atlas of the Virginia Flora

As we work to build our database of Floyd County’s native plants, we are indebted to the Digital Atlas of the Virginia Flora (also known as the Flora) which is the state’s official online plant database. Its records are based on early samples (herbaria) housed at many of the state’s oldest universities, and more recent carefully collected samples. Native status is determined by experts in the field and based on established academic consensus and methods. Our own Plants include some not noted by the Flora as native to Floyd County in cases where they were interesting and listed as native to surrounding counties. In a few cases, highly interesting species such as Red Spruce (Picea rubens) were included because research shows that they once grew in the region but have been so thoroughly extirpated as to drop off the Flora’s maps.

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Floyd Native Plants
Floyd Native Plants